City survey

As part of our research for the PASTA (Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches) project, we ran a two-year survey starting in autumn 2014, which looked at the travel patterns of more than 10,000 people in seven cities across Europe, namely  Antwerp, Barcelona, London, Örebro, Rome, Vienna, Zürich.

We recently closed the survey and are currently analysing the data that we have collected. 

Initial findings from the data indicating that people who drive cars as their main form of transport are on average 4kg heavier than those who cycle were shared via a press release, which can be viewed here.

Journal articles about PASTA can be found on the publication page, here

A short summary of the findings from the survey is available here.

Luc, the survey lead from VITO , explains why we are carried out this survey and how it feeds into the project as a whole. Other partners involved in this survey include; BOKU, UZH, CREAL, ICL, Trivector, and ;Roma Servizia.

Antwerp, Belgium

Second largest city in Belgium
Population: 510,610 

 Bike sharing scheme

Barcelona, Spain

Second largest city in Spain
Population: 1.6 million

Bike sharing scheme

Newham (London), UK

South-east London Borough 

Bike sharing scheme

Örebro, Sweden

ÖrebroRegional centre, 200km west of Stockholm
Population: 140,000

Bike sharing scheme

Rome, Italy

Largest city in Italy
Population: 2.9 million

Bike sharing scheme

Vienna, Austria

HelloLargest city in Austria
Population: 1.757 million

Bike sharing scheme

Zürich, Switzerland

Largest city in Switzerland
Population: 400,000


What is Physical Activity?

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure – including activities undertaken while working, playing, carrying out household chores, travelling, and engaging in recreational pursuits.

It recommends:

  • for children/adolescents: 60 mins of moderate to vigorous intensity per day;
  • for adults (18+): 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week.

Source: WHO

Case studies for walking and cycling

IN PRACTICE: The Eltis portal on urban mobility provides a range of case studies on walking and cycling initiatives from across Europe and beyond.

Case studies on walking & cycling >>

Related projects

  • CHAMP - Cycling Heros Advancing Sustainable Mobility Practice
  • TAPAS - Transportation, Air Pollution and Physical ActivitieS
  • EMW - European Mobility Week    
  • PTP-CYCLE - Personalised Travel Planning for Cycling
  • CH4LLENGE - Addressing Key Challenges of Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning
  • MOBI - Promoting smart mobility to employees
  • ACTIVE ACCESS - Promoting active travel for short trips to improve health & local economy 
  • REPOPA - REsearch into POlicy to enhance Physical Activity