Health Economic Assessment tool

Under the lead of the WHO, a multidisciplinary group of experts has developed HEAT – a practical tool for the economic assessments of the health effects (a) from cycling and (b) from walking.

This simple, online tool is intended for a wide variety of professionals working in the field of transport, walking, cycling or the environment. It facilitates population-wide assessment, translating the effects of active mobility measures into a quantitative evidence-based, evaluation. The tool can be used in a number of different situations, for example: 

  • when planning a new piece of cycling or walking infrastructure.
  • to value the reduced mortality from past and/or current levels of cycling or walking.
  • to provide input into more comprehensive economic appraisal exercises, or prospective health impact assessments.

The results from the PASTA project were used to further update this tool.


Health economic assessment tool (HEAT) for walking and for cycling. Methods and user guide on physical activity, air pollution, injuries and carbon impact assessments (2017)


Deutsch (PDF, 2.7 MB)

English (PDF, 3.0 MB)

Français (PDF, 2.9 MB)

What is Physical Activity?

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure – including activities undertaken while working, playing, carrying out household chores, travelling, and engaging in recreational pursuits.

It recommends:

  • for children/adolescents: 60 mins of moderate to vigorous intensity per day;
  • for adults (18+): 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week.

Source: WHO

Case studies for walking and cycling

IN PRACTICE: The Eltis portal on urban mobility provides a range of case studies on walking and cycling initiatives from across Europe and beyond.

Related projects

  • CHAMP - Cycling Heros Advancing Sustainable Mobility Practice
  • TAPAS - Transportation, Air Pollution and Physical ActivitieS
  • EMW - European Mobility Week    
  • PTP-CYCLE - Personalised Travel Planning for Cycling
  • CH4LLENGE - Addressing Key Challenges of Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning
  • MOBI - Promoting smart mobility to employees
  • ACTIVE ACCESS - Promoting active travel for short trips to improve health & local economy 
  • REPOPA - REsearch into POlicy to enhance Physical Activity